Trial

In time, the court will summon all the parties to an oral trial, where the parties and witnesses will be questioned. Less serious and simple criminal cases can also be settled without an oral trial, in a so-called written process. This is only possible, if the suspect of the crime is 18 years or older, he/she has confessed and both parties give their consent. In this case a trial may not need to be arranged. In the written process, the judge makes a verdict based on the written materials.

The court summons will state whether the victim needs to be personally present. In this case, the victim and the witnesses of the crime are summoned to court. If they do not attend, they could face a fine.  The victim is paid a daily allowance and the travel expenses are compensated.

Court cases are public, which means that anyone can attend the trial. In some cases, that require a lot of privacy, the case may carried out behind closed doors. This means that only the people involved in the crime can stay in the court room.

The district court will state its verdict immediately after the trial or it will give a date when the verdict will be issued. The verdict of the district court may be appealed, either directly to the Court of Appeal or by asking for permission for further investigations. If you are not happy with the district court’s verdict, this must be informed within a week after the trial and the actual written appeal must be sent to the district court no later than 30 days after the trial. The verdict stated by the Court of Appeal can be appealed to the Supreme Court.