How is a restraining order applied for and how quickly can it be ordered?

Legislation provides security and protection to citizens and for crime prevention purposes, when a crime has been committed. In most cases, it is a matter of violent crimes and cases, where an ex-partner, living or other partner harasses by means of communication or visits, as well as situations where an adult child seeks to blackmail his/her older parents for money or uses violence. A restraining order can also protect a witness of a trial.

A restraining order is applied for from the district court, in writing or orally. A temporary restraining order that is immediately put into force can be ordered by an official with the right to arrest - i.e. A police officer or prosecutor - or the district court.

When applying for the order, the following should be informed:

  • What kind of threat or harassment have you been or are you subject to
  • who do you feel threatened or harassed by
  • your understanding of the continuation of harassment or threat of a crime in the future
  • are there witnesses or evidence
A restraining order application is processed urgently by the district court. When ordering the order, the district court shall always assess the risk of crime or harassment on a case-by-case basis. The statement presented for the case is reviewed, both parties and possible witnesses are heard. Reasons include conditions, personal threat experience and any witnesses’ statements.

More on restraining orders