As a victim of crime
Gender, age or belonging to a minority or a special group can affect a victim’s situation.
A lonely elderly person may be unwilling or afraid to report violence committed against them by someone close. A person with a disability might be unable to verbalise abuse they have suffered. A person belonging to an ethnic minority does not necessarily see any point in reporting a hate crime, because they may not believe it will lead to any action. A young person belonging to a sexual minority can be afraid to talk about violence that occurred during a date for fear of their sexual identity coming into the open. A foreign person can be unaware of their rights if they do not have a knowledgeable interpreter in the criminal process.
Members of minorities or special groups do not always need special protection or support, but often it can be necessary.